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  摘要:写作是考研英语试卷结构中仅次于阅读的第二大高分题型,帮帮也一直跟大家强调写作的重要性。在备考作文的时候,大家可能会比较头疼一个部分,那就是分析论证段。帮帮今天就给大家安利一个好用的论证方式,希望对大家的英语作文有所帮助!

  分析论证段存在着很多写作难点,比如说:怎么才能使其论证更有条理!找不到好的例子证明其观点!论证方式比较单一!总是想办法凑字数,结果总是凑不够!那么大家就一起来看看怎么用举例论证解决这些问题吧。

  一、什么是举例论证

  安利一种好用的论证方式——举例论证,它是写作中常用的一种论证方法,通过列举真实、可靠、有代表性的事例,有力地证明了中心论点,增强文章的说服力,使其论证的内容统一、连贯;符合《全国硕士研究生入学考试英语大纲》的规定,在写作时,考生应能:合理组织文章结构,使其内容统一、连贯;同时也能满足大家写作字数的需求。主要分三步,具体的操作步骤如下:

  论证第一弹:例子引入句

  作为举例论证的开头部分,起到引入和过渡的作用。

  论证第二弹:例子阐述句

  通过介绍人物的身份和主要事迹,突出想要论证的观点。

  论证第三弹:例子总结句

  将已经列举的例子同本文主题联系起来

  二、实战演练

  以2019年考研英语一大作文为例:

  论点:Perseverance makes it more likely for people to achieve success regardless of any obstacles on the way.

  1、论证第一弹:例子引入句

  An illustration may make the point clear: ……

  一个例子可以让这个观点更清晰:……

  2、论证第二弹:例子阐述句

  人物的身份介绍+主要事迹

  人物——道德完(perfect)人、顶尖成功

  第一步:人物的身份介绍——名字+地位+职业+补充说明

  人物名字(具体):

  地位:

  职业:

  补充说明:

  1.具体地点:

  in China 在中国

  2.虚拟地点:

  in most people’s eyes 在大部分人眼中

  in teenagers’ mind 在青少年心中

  3.具体时间:

  in one’s age 在某人的时代

  整合句子:

  Ma Yun is an prominent and influential entrepreneur in most people’s eyes.

  第二步:人物的主要事迹

  写主要事迹的两个原则:

  1.具体优先(熟悉人物的主要事迹,并能用具体的英文表述出来)

  2.模版:取得+形容词+成就(不熟悉人物的主要事迹,不会用英文表述)

  取得:

  achieve/gain/create/generate/obtain/acquire

  形容词:

  成就:

  成就 achievement/accomplishment/fruition

  荣誉 glory/honor

  尊重 respect

  成功 success

  成绩 performance

  地位 status

  例子阐述句:

  Ma Yun, a prominent and influential entrepreneur in most people’s eyes, had to suffer many disappoints and rejections along the way, but these made him all the more determined to succeed.

  3、论证第三弹:例子总结句

  In general, it is the spirit/quality of +主题词that contributes to his/her success.

  举例论证句展示:

  An illustration may make the point clear: Ma Yun, a prominent and influential entrepreneur in most people’s eyes, had to suffer many disappoints and rejections along the way, but these made him all the more determined to succeed. In general, it is perseverance that contributes to his success.

  三、小试牛刀

  2007年考研英语一大作文

  论点:Confidence makes it more likely for people to overcome obstacles and achieve their destination.

  要求:根据所给观点进行举例论证

  举例论证答案:

  An illustration may make the point clear: Liu Xiang, one of the most famous and excellent athletes in China, is never afraid of being challenged, regards his process of racing as a pleasure, and finally wins the Olympic golden medal. In general, it is the quality of confidence that contributes to his success.

  分析:

  ①直接放上例子引入句, An illustration may make the point clear: ……

  ②选取支持该论点的人物,比如说Liu Xiang;具体的身份介绍:one of the most famous and excellent athletes in China;人物事迹:取得成就win the Olympic golden medal, 但要突出成就的取得是离不开自信这种品质的,比如说he is never afraid of being challenged and regards his process of racing as a pleasure。

  ③直接放上例子总结句: In general, it is the quality of +主题词that contributes to his success. 只需把主题词改为confidence即可。

  这种论证方式,各位童鞋们都掌握住了吗?

 

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